Friday, 1 April 2016

Multiculturalism in India: A Wonder to the World

Multiculturalism in India: A Wonder to the World
K. V. Dominic

(paper presented at K L University, Vijayawada, A.P. India on 29th March 2016 which won great applause from the entire enlightened audience)




The concept of multiculturalism originated in the 1970s and was used in Canada for the first time to tackle the problem of immigrants. Then it spread to other countries like Australia, USA, UK and some countries in the European Union where immigrants of different countries of the world lived and settled. Since assimilation and homogenization failed, multiculturalism has become inevitable and thus the governments adopted it as an official, political policy.
Multiculturalism is defined as the state of co-existence of diverse cultures. Culture includes, racial, religious, linguistic, etc. which may have differences and distinctions in customary behaviours, cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking and communicative styles. It also aims at the preservation of different cultures and their identities within a unified society as a state or nation.
‘Multiculturalism’ is now used not only to define disadvantaged and maginalised groups like tribals, linguistic-cultural-religious minorities, LGBT, disabled, etc., but also immigrants who may come under ethnic, religious minorities as well as minority nations and indigenous peoples.
Multiculturalism is applied by the government, philosophers, politicians, writers, critics and scholars for human society alone, but to me it includes non-human beings, plants and the planet itself. As we say that human beings in a society or nation should live as members of a family irrespective of their race, religion, caste, language or gender, it is necessary that we should live in harmony with other beings, both animals and plants. To me this universe is a big concert or symphony, a harmony of diverse notes. All creations play their role in concordance, but man tries to play discordant notes--stands against the rhythmic flow of the system. Let me quote a few lines from my poem “Multicultural Harmony” published in my poetry book Multicultural Symphony:
Multiplicity and diversity
essence of universe
From atom to the heavens
multiculturalism reigns
This unity in diversity
makes beauty of universe. (Dominic, Multicultural Symphony 15)
As man is the latest evolutionary being, he should respect other beings and plants which have greater legacy to claim in this universe. Human beings can’t live independent of non-human beings or plants. Hence when we try to eliminate or destroy non-human beings and plants we are eliminating ourselves from this planet. Let me quote again from “Multicultural Harmony”:
You may live here
Let other things also live
Since you are selfish and greedy
you take more than
what is due to you
Other beings struggle for necessities
whereas you are after
comforts and luxuries
You become rich
pushing hundreds of your neighbours
to the abyss of starvation.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
your greed for delicacies
extinguishes other beings
Your greed for luxurious shelters
exterminates trees and forests
Your construction mania
defiles the sky and
topples the climate
You turn your villages to towns
and become more and more civilized
but less and less cultured
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Your indiscriminate felling of trees
chased away all birds
Many have become extinct now
In place of cuckoos and nightingale
which lulled you to sleep
mosquitoes disturb your slumber
through injections and drone. (Dominic, Multicultural Symphony 20-22)
Now coming to the second part of my paper—Multiculturalism in India. India is the best example of multicultural society where people speak 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. Unity in diversity is the beauty of India and the Indian Constitution assigns equal rights, privileges and duties to all people irrespective of gender, caste, class, community, language and religion. The Indian society has been multi-cultural, multi-religious, multi-racial, multi-ethnic and multi-linguistic from time immemorial. At the same time our country has been confronted with forces of divisiveness. Hence the biggest challenge before major multicultural countries like India is to preserve the pluralistic tradition and to bring the various communities into the mainstream society by promoting the spirit of multiculturalism.
Unlike multicultural nations like Canada, Australia, USA, UK and European Union countries, where people of different cultures look very much like in their physical size and facial features, dress, language, food habits, religious practices, way of life etc., people of India show clear distinctions in their physique, dress, language, food habits, religious practices and rituals. This unique unity of India in the midst of multicultural diversity and enjoying unlimited freedom as the largest democracy in the world is the beauty of India which is a wonder to the world. But as we see around us now there are real tests for our multiculturalism.
Threat to multiculturalism comes when a group starts thinking in a narrow way, considering themselves as superiors to others and show discrimination and animosity to other groups. In fact can any group—racial, religious or linguistic—claim to be original or chaste? I have dealt with it in me poem “Multicultural Harmony”:
Dear my fellow beings
you boast of your culture
you boast of your language
Is there any culture
which is not hybrid?
Is there any language
which is not mixed?
How many millions have been killed
in the name of culture?
Look into the pages of history
Most of the wars have been waged
for the supremacy of culture
Conquest of cultures over cultures
amalgamated to multicultural world
How much Indian is an Indian?
None can give any answer
Same who boasts of any nationality. (Dominic, Multicultural Symphony 22)
Considering the multicultural society of our country, the Indian Constitution has included innumerable Acts by which the marginalized sections of the country are given sufficient protection and special privileges. Thus the scheduled tribes and castes and other backward communities get reservation in education as well as employment. Strangely enough only 25% of the Indian population is in the forward communities. In addition to these reservations two major minority religious sections—Muslims and Sikhs enjoy special rights in our country. Even though absence of common civil code creates some problems the government of India ensures that each religion and its customs are protected in the society.
When we analyse the recent religious and communal trends in our country we are greatly alarmed to find that people give undue importance to their religious beliefs and rituals. National feelings and patriotism are being devoured by the monster of religion. The present generation seems to forget the fact they are citizens of the country—the land which gave them birth and sustain and protect till they go back to the very same land. Thus national feelings and affiliation shall be uppermost of all other narrow feelings of religion, community, language, region etc. Just imagine that when we are comfortably sitting here and sleeping well in our houses without any fear, millions of solders are patrolling on our borders fighting with extreme climate and even risking their lives to keep us all safe. Haven’t you recently read of the tragic news of ten Indian soldiers killed by huge avalanche at Siachen?  These thoughts are sufficient enough to make us patriotic and loyal to our country.
Language plays a prominent role in multicultural unity. Languages are the special gifts of man which make him distinct from other animals. They are manna from heaven and, people, irrespective of space and narrowness of nation, are permitted to use them as they like. We become more learned and wise as we learn more and more languages. There is a tendency among our vernacular writers to boast of their language and literature. True, we should be proud of our mother tongue and promote it at any cost. At the same time India being a multicultural, multi-lingual country we should respect other languages and their literature. Very often vernacular writers complain that existence and use of English is a hindrance for the growth of regional languages. Such an antagonistic attitude to English is never fair as English is the only lingua franca which knits all Indians together. Of course Hindi is our national language but its function is less in the South. It’s only through English we can communicate to the world. English is never a foreign language now, and Indian literature in English is accepted as one of the literatures of our country. Hence rather than censoring or attacking English we should promote it and try to get maximum number of regional literature books translated into English and thus disseminate Indian ethos and culture to the entire world.
In fact this world is like a tightly knit nuclear family. As Maha Upanishad says, 'Only small men discriminate. . . . For those who live magnanimously the entire world constitutes but a family' (“Vasudaiva Kutumbakam”). The multicultural unity of the world should ultimately lead to the concept of Vasudaiva Kutumbamkam which means that the world is certainly one family. Hence the goal of every country and people in this world should be to live as a member of this big family. Let me wind up my paper quoting once again from the last section of my poem “Multicultural Harmony”:
Dear my fellow beings
break away all fences and walls
Fences of your petty minds
Compound walls of your houses
Walls of your religions and castes
Boundaries of your native States
And ultimately borders of your nations
Let there be no India, Pakistan or China
America, Africa, Europe or Australia
But only one nation THE WORLD
where every being lives in perfect harmony
as one entity in multicultural world.  (Dominic, Multicultural Symphony 22-23)

Works Cited
Dominic, K. V. Multicultural Symphony. New Delhi: Gnosis, 2014. Print.




  

Saturday, 12 March 2016

CONTENTS OF WRITERS EDITORS CRITICS (WEC) 6.1 MARCH 2016



Contents
Feedback of WEC 5.2 September 2015
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Expression of Motherhood in Shashi Deshpande’s A Matter of Time
--Anita Sharma & Vishal Kumar
Manju Kapur’s Difficult Daughters: A Deconstructive Feminist Reading
G. Baskaran
“Women can Make and Women can Break”: Dalit Feminism in India through Select Texts and Contexts 
--Jaydeep Sarangi
The Search of the Past in Bharati Mukherjee’s Leave It To Me
--Shubha Mukherjee
Worldview of Interconnectedness in the Songs Mavilan Tribe
--Lillykutty Abraham
Redefining the Spiritual and Ethical Harmony of a Human Being through GB Shaw’s Caesar and Cleopatra
--Md. Afrozuddin
Marital Dissension in the Novels of Manju Kapur
--Nirjharini Tripathy
Violent Relationship of Shashi Deshpande’s Male Characters with Female Characters
 --A. Padmavathy
The Unheard Symphony: A Reaction against Blatant Sexism in Alice Munro’s “Boys and Girls”
--Syed Mir Hassim
Multi-dimensional Vignette in the Poetry of K. V. Dominic
--Manas Bakshi
Treatment of Colourism in Toni Morrison’s God Help the Child: A Gynocritical Perspective
--Sebin Justine
Patriarchal Elements in the Feminine Desire in Song of Songs
--Nisha K. Thomas
Exploring Trauma and Representing the Voiceless: A Critical Study of the Selected Poems of Jayanta Mahapatra
 --Sibasis Jana
Cultural Materialism in the Selected Short Stories of K. V. Dominic:  A Critique
--S. Barathi
REVIEW ARTICLES
T. V. Reddy’s Minor Gods as a Chronicle of Rural Life
--Joshua Horton
Depiction of Anger in Poetry: An Analysis of Vijay Vishal’s Anger in Contemporary Indian English Poetry
  --T. V. Reddy
Live Life with Hopes and It Turns a Blessing, Tells Whispers in the Wilderness
--P C K Prem
Poetess Mary John Thottam: Her Life & Poems
 --Fr Varghese Paul, SJ

BOOK REVIEWS
Smita Das’s (ed.) Ramesh K. Srivastava: Man and his Work (A Collection of Critical Essays)
-- Alka Rani Purwar
Nalini Sharma’s  The Strange Equations
--S. Barathi
K. V. Dominic’s Who is Responsible? (A Collection of Short Stories)
--Patricia Prime
REPORT

Rendezcussion on Michael Madhusudan Datta
--Bhaskar Roy Barman
SHORT STORIES
The Price of a Vote
--Chandramoni Narayanaswamy
The Photograph
--Jayanti M Dalal (Trans. Rajshree Parthivv Trivedi)
You are a Flop--a Miserable Flop
--Nalini Sharma
A Dumb Show of Lovers
--Ramesh K. Srivastava
Spinning the Thread of Life
--Jaydeep Sarangi

POEMS
Tribute to Siachen Martyrs
K. V. Dominic
Spring Flies Too Soon
O. P. Arora
You Buy His Tunes
O. P. Arora
Living in Patterns
 P C K Prem
Imagination
Bhaskar Roy Barman
Mulberries off the Mulberry
Jairam Seshadri
Winter’s Pickings
Jairam Seshadri
Left over
Manas Bakshi
If, At All, Kolkata Could be
Manas Bakshi
I am a Cop’s Wife
Nalini Sharma
Prisoner of War
Nalini Sharma
O! Divine Mother
Ram Sharma
Ode to the Farmers...                                                                                  
 Sibasis Jana
Green Philosophy
Sibasis Jana
Eliminate Pangs from Globe
Sugandha Agarwal
The Crucifixion
Talluri Mathew Bhaskar
True Religion
Vijay Kumar Roy
The Creator is One
Vijay Kumar Roy
Our Esteemed Contributors














Monday, 22 February 2016

Authorspress: Author’s Press in True Spirit & Sense

Authorspress: Author’s Press in True Spirit & Sense
Dr. K. V. Dominic

The generosity of vision, and acumen, abundance and spontaneous flow of academic and human interest are making the publishing house Authorspress, New Delhi greater and greater in its professionalism. It is doing the job with amazing knack and brilliance. Its messianic voice is a fountain of inspiration for both the budding and the established writers. It skillfully maintains the synchronization between pecuniary and cerebral tug of war.
The clans of publishers have propagated so rapidly during the last few decades that authentic and meticulous ones have often been put in the shade, and even thrown out. In view of this fact Authorspress has been doing wonderfully in publishing quality books of all kinds with superb editorial work, scrupulous scrutiny of the manuscript, meticulous proofreading, and yet without disregarding the aesthetic and artistic face. Its website is an excellent medium which enhances its stature and at the same time enables the authors, critics and readers to obtain books of their choice effortlessly. The growing stature of a publisher always lends respectability to its authors making it like an oasis in the vast desert around us. The books bearing this publishing house's insignia had an automatic acknowledgment as an author of importance.
The publishing house is different in its entrepreneurship and the person holding and running the press himself is a great human being, scholar and academician. His integrity and commitment is par excellence. The publisher showcases wonderful quality books to its credit in scholarly, creative and academic arena. The cover and quality of the book have been fetching praise and compliments not only from all across India but also from readers in the US, UAE, UK and other countries. Its books and journals are packed immaculately well, printed in absolute perfection, the page texture is more than what work deserved. Who can better bear the testimonial of these facts other than an author whose twenty books have so far been published by Authorspress:

1.       Who Is Responsible? (A Collection of Short Stories)
2.       Multicultural Studies on Three Nobel Laureates: Rabindranath Tagore, Toni Morrison & Alice Munro
3.       Abheepsa: Kavita Sangrah
4.       Indian Literatures in English: New Directions Newer Possibilities
5.       Multicultural Symphony (A Collection of Poems)
6.       Jayanti M. Dalal: Select Stories
7.       African and Afro-American Literature: Insights and Interpretations
8.       Changing Face of Women in Literature: The Flaming Spirit
9.       Critical Perspectives on the Poetry of R. K. Singh, D. C. Chambial and I. K. Sharma
10.   Multicultural Consciousness in the Novels of R. K. Narayan
11.   Critical Evaluation of Contemporary Indian Poetry in English
12.   Concepts and Contexts of Diasporic Literature of India
13.   Discourses on Five Indian Poets in English: Keki N. Daruwalla, Shiv K. Kumar, Pronab Kumar Majumder, Syed Ameeruddin and Aju Mukhopadhyay
14.   Studies on Six Indian Poets in English: Jayanta Mahapatra, Hazara Singh, P C K Prem, Gopikrishnan Kottoor, Manas Bakshi, Chandramoni Narayanaswamy
15.   Sarojini Sahoo’s Feminine Reflections
16.   Write Son, Write (A Collection of Poems)
17.   Stephen Gill’s Poetry: A Panorama World Peace
18.   Winged Reason (A Collection of Poems)
19.   Discourses on Contemporary Indian English Poets
20.   Postcolonial Readings in Indo-Anglian Literature

It knows well how to give room to the author and present the book in a suitable set-up. What makes it different from other publishers is its immensity and the way it handles the quality. The title, subtitle and cover design reflect and suggest the best one to make it reveal the content well. 

Thursday, 4 February 2016

PHILOSOPHICAL MUSINGS FOR A MEANINGFUL LIFE: AN ANALYSIS OF K. V. DOMINIC'S POEMS--EDITED BY DR. S. KUMARAN AND PUBLISHED BY MODERN HISTORY PRESS, MI, USA


CONTENTS

Preface
                                                                                                                Page No
Chapter 1       Introduction
Poetic Mind of K. V. Dominic
-P C K Prem
Chapter 2       Humanism in K. V. Dominic’s Winged Reason
-Dr. S. Kumaran
Chapter 3       An Angel in Flight: A Critique of K. V. Dominic’s Winged Reason.
- Dr. Sudhir K Arora
Chapter 4       K. V. Dominic’s Multicultural Symphony: A Critique
-Dr. Sudhir K Arora
Chapter 5       K. V. Dominic—A Humanitarian in Conception and Socio-Consciousness: An Analytical Study of Write Son, Write
-Dr. D. C. Chambial
Chapter 6       K. V. Dominic’s Winged Reason: Poems of Man’s Earthly Life and Painful Realities 
-P. C. K. Prem
Chapter 7       Social Criticism in the Poetry of K. V. Dominic
-Prof. T. V. Reddy
Chapter 8       Concurrent Predicaments and Urge for Philanthropy in the Poetry of K.V. Dominic
-Dr. Sugandha Agarwal
Chapter 9       Poetry for a Better World: A Critical Look at the Poetry of K. V. Dominic 
-Dr. Rob Harle
Chapter 10     A Requiem for the Disconsolate: K. V. Dominic’s Poetry as a Social Criticism
-Dr. J. Pamela
Chapter 11     Poetry for Meaningful Life: A Critical Analysis of K. V. Dominic’s Poetry
-Dr. Bhaskar Roy Barman
Chapter 12     K. V. Dominic as a Social Critic: A Study of His Poems
-Dr. S. Ayyappa Raja
Chapter 13     Philosophical Voyage of K. V. Dominic
-Dr. Arbind Kumar Choudhary
Chapter 14     The Poet of the Marginalised: An Analysis of Dr. K. V. Dominic’s Poetry
-Anisha Ghosh (Paul)
Chapter 15     K. V. Dominic’s Poetry: Rebellion and Reticence on Winged Reason
-Joe  Palathunkal
Chapter 16     A Critical Analysis of K. V. Dominic as a Philosophical Poet
-Dr. Patricia Prime
Chapter 17     The Relation between God, Man and Nature in K. V. Dominic’s Poems
-Dr. Mahboobeh Khaleghi
Chapter 18     K. V. Dominic, the Messenger of Humanity, Peace and Harmony in the Universe
                        -Dr. Sangeeta Mahesh
Chapter 19     Philosophical Musings for Meaningful Life: An Analysis of
K. V. Dominic’s Poetry 
-Dr. Radhamany Sarma
Chapter 20     The Landscape of Kerala in K. V. Dominic’s Poetry
-Anisha Ghosh (Paul)
Chapter 21     Eco-critical Perspectives in the Poetry of K. V. Dominic
-Dr. S. Barathi
Chapter 22     Ecological Issues Reflected in the Selected Poems of K. V. Dominic
-Dr. Rincy Mol Sebastian
Chapter 23     Ecological and Social Issues in K. V. Dominic’s Multicultural Symphony
-Dr. Arbind Kumar Choudhary
Chapter 24     Holistic Musings:  K. V. Dominic as a Poet with Purpose
            -Kavitha Gopalakrishnan
Chapter 25     Interview with Prof. K. V. Dominic
-Prof. Elisabetta Marino
List of Contributors



















Tuesday, 12 January 2016

THE SOFT COPY OF THE 6.1 JANUARY 2016 ISSUE OF IJML IS PUBLISHED



Contents
RESEARCH ARTICLES
The ‘I’ in the Poetry of Kamala Das: A Study of Displacement
--Bibhudutt Dash
Struggle of the Ineffectual Angel in Manju Kapur’s Difficult Daughters
--M. R. Chandran

‘Unspeakable Suffering’ and ‘Calm forbearance’ as projected in Kamala Markandaya's Nectar in A Sieve and A Handful of Rice: A Brief Analysis

--S. Chelliah

Analysing the Dichotomy of White Culture and Aboriginal Culture in
Patrick White’s Voss

--Chithra S.
Communal Folk Life and Individual Identity in Richard Wright’s Black Boy
--S. Khethzi Kerena
Gender, Culture and Nation in Bapsi Sidhwa's The Pakistani Bride
--Lata Mishra
Culture, Mediation and Conflict Resolution in Nayana Currimbhoy’s Miss Timmins’ School for Girls
--Lekshmi R. Nair
Multiculturalism and Decentering the Racial Identity in the Fictional World of Hanif Kureishi
--Md. Sajidul Islam
Indian Ethos and Gandhian Ethics in R. K.Narayan’s The Vendor of Sweets
--Mini V. S.
Infertility and Identity Crisis in Kapur’s Women
--Nirjharini Tripathy
Suniti Namjoshi’s The Blue Donkey Fables--The Writer as a Poet
--Keerthi Krishnamoorthy & Raichel M. Sylus

A Critical Evaluation of Girish Karnad’s Flowers and Heap of Broken Images: A Game of God

--Roselin Linitta George
Survival of the “Other”: The ‘Staying Alive’ of Female Characters in Sefi Atta’s Swallow
--Sajna P.
Image of Women: An Analysis of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Half of a Yellow Sun
--S. Umarani & S. Kumaran
Telling the Untold: A Reading of Toni Morrison’s A Mercy as an Eternal Story of Love and Betrayal

--Syed Wahaj Mohsin & Shaista Taskeen
A Dalit Avatar and Matua Cult
--Manohar Mouli Biswas
REVIEW ARTICLE
The Grief of Arjuna and Sri Krishna’s Response: Shrimad Bhagavadgita Revisited
--Ramesh Chandra Mukhopadhyaya
Love, Loneliness, Desire and Despair in Kamala Das’s Summer in Calcutta
--P. Gopichand & P. Nagasuseela
Colours of Life in C. L. Khatri’s ‘Haiku’

--Sudhir K. Arora


BOOK REVIEWS
K. V. Dominic & Mahboobeh Khaleghi’s (eds.) Multicultural Studies on Three Nobel Laureates—Rabindranath Tagore, Toni Morrison and Alice Munro
--Ketaki Datta
K. V. Dominic’s Who is Responsible? (A Collection of Short Stories)
--Kavitha Gopalakrishnan
Jaydeep Sarangi’s The Wall and Other Poems
--Mahuya Bhaumik
GENERAL ESSAYS
Sanathana Dharma as the Life-Force of India in the light of Swami Vivekananda’s Message
--T. V. Reddy
Swami Vivekananda and Socialism with Special Reference to the Present Indian Polity
--Manas Bakshi

INTERVIEWS
Interview with Ketaki Datta
--Elisabetta Marino
An Interview with Patricia Prime

--Mark Pirie
SHORT STORIES
Into Father’s Shoes
--Ramsh K. Srivastava
Branded Witch
--Manas Bakshi
A Lesson Well Taught
--Shaista Taskeen
POEMS
ON THE NEW YEAR
--Stephen Gill
Straight is the Way
--Sheikh Rabiul Haque
In the Path of Life
--Sheikh Rabiul Haque
Canvas
--Patricia Prime
The Eyes Have It
--Patricia Prime

Road Sweeper

--Patricia Prime
The Return
--Patricia Prime
Grief
--Patricia Prime
Illusive Contours
--Manas Bakshi
Smile a Day
--Manas Bakshi
Parental Duty
--K. V. Dominic
Karma is Akarma
--K. V. Dominic
The Season of Harvest
--Hrushikesh Singh
Yet A Smile
--Hrushikesh Singh
Our Home
--Saroj Bala
Life
--Saroj Bala

A Poet Was Killed That Very Night

--Anisha Ghosh Pal
Our Esteemed Contributors